Wednesday, Apr 08th, 2020 - 06:41:53

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"Killing Hope" - U.S. Military & CIA Interventions Since WWII

'Is the United States a force for democracy? In this classic and unique volume that answers this question, William Blum serves up a forensic overview of U.S. foreign policy spanning sixty years. For those who want the details on our most famous actions (Chile, Cuba, Vietnam, to name a few), and for those who want to learn about our lesser-known efforts (France, China, Bolivia, Brazil, for example), this book provides a window on what our foreign policy goals really are. If you flip over the rock of American foreign policy of the past century, this is what crawls out… invasions… bombings… overthrowing governments… occupations… suppressing movements for social change… assassinating political leaders… perverting elections… manipulating labor unions… manufacturing “news”… death squads… torture… biological warfare… depleted uranium… drug trafficking… mercenaries… It’s not a pretty picture. It’s enough to give imperialism a bad name.'

+ Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II - William Blum (Common Courage Press, 2004)
+ http://williamblum.org/books/killing-hope/

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Chapter 1: China - 1945 to 1960s: Was Mao Tse-tung just paranoid?
  • Chapter 2: Italy - 1947-1948: Free elections, Hollywood style
  • Chapter 3: Greece - 1947 to early 1950s: From cradle of democracy to client state
  • Chapter 4: The Philippines - 1940s and 1950s: America’s oldest colony
  • Chapter 5: Korea - 1945-1953: Was it all that it appeared to be?
  • Chapter 6: Albania - 1949-1953: The proper English spy
  • Chapter 7: Eastern Europe - 1948-1956: Operation Splinter Factor
  • Chapter 8: Germany - 1950s: Everything from juvenile delinquency to terrorism
  • Chapter 9: Iran - 1953: Making it safe for the King of Kings
  • Chapter 10: Guatemala - 1953-1954: While the world watched
  • Chapter 11: Costa Rica - Mid-1950s: Trying to topple an ally - Part 1
  • Chapter 12: Syria - 1956-1957: Purchasing a new government
  • Chapter 13: Middle East - 1957-1958: The Eisenhower Doctrine claims another backyard for America
  • Chapter 14: Indonesia - 1957-1958: War and pornography
  • Chapter 15: Western Europe - 1950s and 1960s: Fronts within fronts within fronts
  • Chapter 16: British Guiana - 1953-1964: The CIA’s international labor mafia
  • Chapter 17: Soviet Union - Late 1940s to 1960s: From spy planes to book publishing
  • Chapter 18: Italy - 1950s to 1970s: Supporting the Cardinal’s orphans and techno-fascism
  • Chapter 19: Vietnam - 1950-1973: The Hearts and Minds Circus
  • Chapter 20: Cambodia - 1955-1973: Prince Sihanouk walks the high-wire of neutralism
  • Chapter 21: Laos - 1957-1973: L’Armée Clandestine
  • Chapter 22: Haiti - 1959-1963: The Marines land, again
  • Chapter 23: Guatemala - 1960: One good coup deserves another
  • Chapter 24: France/Algeria - 1960s: L’état, c’est la CIA
  • Chapter 25: Ecuador - 1960-1963: A text book of dirty tricks
  • Chapter 26: The Congo - 1960-1964: The assassination of Patrice Lumumba
  • Chapter 27: Brazil - 1961-1964: Introducing the marvelous new world of death squads
  • Chapter 28: Peru - 1960-1965: Fort Bragg moves to the jungle
  • Chapter 29: Dominican Republic - 1960-1966: Saving democracy from communism by getting rid of democracy
  • Chapter 30: Cuba - 1959 to 1980s: The unforgivable revolution
  • Chapter 31: Indonesia - 1965: Liquidating President Sukarno ..: and 500,000 others; East Timor - 1975: And 200,000 more
  • Chapter 32: Ghana - 1966: Kwame Nkrumah steps out of line
  • Chapter 33: Uruguay - 1964-1970: Torture—as American as apple pie
  • Chapter 34: Chile - 1964-1973: A hammer and sickle stamped on your child’s forehead
  • Chapter 35: Greece - 1964-1974: “Fuck your Parliament and your Constitution,” said the President of the United States
  • Chapter 36: Bolivia - 1964-1975: Tracking down Che Guevara in the land of coup d’etat
  • Chapter 37: Guatemala - 1962 to 1980s: A less publicized “final solution”
  • Chapter 38: Costa Rica - 1970-1971: Trying to topple an ally—Part 2
  • Chapter 39: Iraq - 1972-1975: Covert action should not be confused with missionary work
  • Chapter 40: Australia - 1973-1975: Another free election bites the dust
  • Chapter 41: Angola - 1975 to 1980s: The Great Powers Poker Game
  • Chapter 42: Zaire - 1975-1978: Mobutu and the CIA, a marriage made in heaven
  • Chapter 43: Jamaica - 1976-1980: Kissinger’s ultimatum
  • Chapter 44: Seychelles - 1979-1981: Yet another area of great strategic importance
  • Chapter 45: Grenada - 1979-1984: Lying—one of the few growth industries in Washington
  • Chapter 46: Morocco - 1983: A video nasty
  • Chapter 47: Suriname - 1982-1984: Once again, the Cuban bogeyman
  • Chapter 48: Libya - 1981-1989: Ronald Reagan meets his match
  • Chapter 49: Nicaragua - 1981-1990: Destabilization in slow motion
  • Chapter 50: Panama - 1969-1991: Double-crossing our drug supplier
  • Chapter 51: Bulgaria 1990/Albania 1991: Teaching communists what democracy is all about
  • Chapter 52: Iraq - 1990-1991: Desert Holocaust
  • Chapter 53: Afghanistan - 1979-1992: America’s Jihad
  • Chapter 54: El Salvador - 1980-1994: Human rights, Washington style
  • Chapter 55: Haiti - 1986-1994: Who will rid me of this turbulent priest?
  • Chapter 56: The American Empire - 1992 to present
  • Notes
  • Appendix I: This is How the Money Goes Round
  • Appendix II: Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-1945
  • Appendix III: U.S. Government Assassination Plots
  • Index

"A mini-encyclopedia of the numerous un-humanitarian acts perpetrated by the United States since the end of the Second World War."
+ Rogue State: A Guide to the World’s Only Superpower - William Blum (Common Courage Press, 2005)
+ http://williamblum.org/books/rogue-state

"For over 65 years, the United States war machine has been on auto pilot. Since World War II, the world has believed that US foreign policy means well, and that America’s motives in spreading democracy are honorable, even noble. In this startling and provocative book from William Blum, one of the United States’ leading non-mainstream chroniclers of American foreign policy and author of the popular online newsletter, The Anti-Empire Report, demonstrates that nothing could be further from the truth. Moreover, unless this fallacy is unlearned, and until people understand fully the worldwide suffering American policy has caused, we will never be able to stop the monster."
+ America’s Deadliest Export: Democracy: The Truth About US Foreign Policy and Everything Else - William Blum (Zedd Books, 2013)
+ http://williamblum.org/books/americas-deadliest-export

'William Blum left the State Department in 1967, abandoning his aspiration of becoming a Foreign Service Officer, because of his opposition to what the United States was doing in Vietnam. He then became one of the founders and editors of the Washington Free Press, the first “alternative” newspaper in the capital.'
+ http://williamblum.org/about
+ http://williamblum.org/essays

'Goldstein is always the subject of the "Two Minutes Hate", a daily program beginning at 11:00 a.m. at which an image of Goldstein is shown on the telescreen and subjected to extreme contempt.'
+ THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF OLIGARCHICAL COLLECTIVISM - Emmanuel Goldstein (1984)

Interviews with William Blum

Codex-Petropolitanus
+ Codex Petropolitanus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_Petropolitanus_(New_Testament)

The Sermon on the Plain (NIV):

20Looking at his disciples, he said:

“Blessed are you who are poor,
for yours is the kingdom of God.
21Blessed are you who hunger now,
for you will be satisfied.
Blessed are you who weep now,
for you will laugh.
22Blessed are you when people hate you,
when they exclude you and insult you
and reject your name as evil,
because of the Son of Man.
23“Rejoice in that day and leap for joy, because great is your reward in heaven.
For that is how their ancestors treated the prophets."

24“But woe to you who are rich,
for you have already received your comfort.
25Woe to you who are well fed now,
for you will go hungry.
Woe to you who laugh now,
for you will mourn and weep.
26Woe to you when everyone speaks well of you,
for that is how their ancestors treated the false prophets.'

Love for Enemies

27“But to you who are listening I say: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, 28bless those who curse you, pray for those who mistreat you. 29If someone slaps you on one cheek, turn to them the other also. If someone takes your coat, do not withhold your shirt from them. 30Give to everyone who asks you, and if anyone takes what belongs to you, do not demand it back. 31Do to others as you would have them do to you.

32“If you love those who love you, what credit is that to you? Even sinners love those who love them. 33And if you do good to those who are good to you, what credit is that to you? Even sinners do that. 34And if you lend to those from whom you expect repayment, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, expecting to be repaid in full. 35But love your enemies, do good to them, and lend to them without expecting to get anything back. Then your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High, because he is kind to the ungrateful and wicked. 36Be merciful, just as your Father is merciful.

Judging Others

37“Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. 38Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.”

39He also told them this parable: “Can the blind lead the blind? Will they not both fall into a pit? 40The student is not above the teacher, but everyone who is fully trained will be like their teacher.

41“Why do you look at the speck of sawdust in your brother’s eye and pay no attention to the plank in your own eye? 42How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ when you yourself fail to see the plank in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the plank out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to remove the speck from your brother’s eye.

A Tree and Its Fruit

43“No good tree bears bad fruit, nor does a bad tree bear good fruit. 44Each tree is recognized by its own fruit. People do not pick figs from thornbushes, or grapes from briers. 45A good man brings good things out of the good stored up in his heart, and an evil man brings evil things out of the evil stored up in his heart. For the mouth speaks what the heart is full of.

The Wise and Foolish Builders

46“Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and do not do what I say? 47As for everyone who comes to me and hears my words and puts them into practice, I will show you what they are like. 48They are like a man building a house, who dug down deep and laid the foundation on rock. When a flood came, the torrent struck that house but could not shake it, because it was well built. 49But the one who hears my words and does not put them into practice is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. The moment the torrent struck that house, it collapsed and its destruction was complete.”

+ Sermon on the Plain: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sermon_on_the_Plain
+ The Gospel of Luke (6:17–49): http://biblehub.com/niv/luke/6.htm
+ The Golden Rule: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Rule
+ Realpolitik: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Realpolitik
+ Military Simulation: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_simulation
+ Wargaming: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wargaming
+ Intentionality: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intentionality
+ Husserl's Theory of Intentionality: http://consc.net/neh/papers/smith2.pdf
+ Karma: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karma
+ Mutually Assured Destruction (MAD): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mutual_assured_destruction
+ Christian Solidarity: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solidarity

'Beginning in the late 1970s, Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman wrote a series of books on the United States' involvement with state terrorism. Their writings coincided with reports by Amnesty International and other human rights organizations of a new global "epidemic" of state torture and murder. Chomsky and Herman argued that terror was concentrated in the US sphere of influence in developing countries, and documented human rights abuses carried out by US client states in Latin America. They argued that of ten Latin American countries that had death squads, all were US client states. Worldwide they claimed that 74% of regimes that used torture on an administrative basis were U.S. client states, receiving military and other support from the US to retain power. They concluded that the global rise in state terror was a result of US foreign policy. In 1991, a book edited by Alexander L. George also argued that other Western powers sponsored terror in developing countries. It concluded that the US and its allies were the main supporters of terrorism throughout the world. Gareau states that the number of deaths caused by non-state terrorism (3668 deaths between 1968 and 1980, as estimated by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)) is "dwarfed" by those resulting from state terrorism in US-backed regimes such as Guatemala (150,000 killed, 50,000 missing during the Guatemalan Civil War - 93% of whom Gareau classifies as "victims of state terrorism"). In Worse Than War, Daniel Goldhagen argues that during the last two decades of the Cold War, the number of American client states practicing mass murder outnumbered those of the Soviet Union. According to Latin Americanist John Henry Coatsworth, the number of repression victims in Latin America alone far surpassed that of the U.S.S.R. and its East European satellites during the period 1960 to 1990. Chomsky concluded that all powers backed state terrorism in client states. At the top were the US and other powers, notably the United Kingdom and France, that provided financial, military and diplomatic support to Third World regimes kept in power through violence. These governments acted together with multinational corporations, particularly in the arms and security industries. In addition, other developing countries outside the Western sphere of influence carried out state terror supported by rival powers. The alleged involvement of major powers in state terrorism in developing countries has led scholars to study it as a global phenomenon, rather than study individual countries in isolation.'

+ Christian Terrorism: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_and_state_terrorism

No Nukes Nailgun - Zenco
"The God of the Old Testament is arguably the most unpleasant character in all fiction: jealous and proud of it; a petty, unjust, unforgiving control-freak; a vindictive, bloodthirsty ethnic cleanser; a misogynistic, homophobic, racist, infanticidal, genocidal, filicidal, pestilential, megalomaniacal, sadomasochistic, capriciously malevolent bully."
+ The God Delusion (Bigotry, Violence, & Judaeo-Christian Values): http://www.goodreads.com/quotes/23651-the-god-of-the-old-testament-is-arguably-the-most

"The meaning of life, i.e. the meaning of the world, we can call God...There are two godheads: the world and my independent I."
+ Ludwig Wittgenstein: https://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Ludwig_Wittgenstein
+ Carlos Castaneda: Magical Blend Interview (Part 1): http://www.nagualism.com/carlos-castaneda-magical-blend-interview-1.html
+ NO NUKES! 正方形シール: http://www.zazzle.co.jp/no_nukes_%E6%AD%A3%E6%96%B9%E5%BD%A2%E3%82%B7%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB-217533857341836377
+ Rumsfeld (Project 908): https://books.google.com/books?id=lN9uIMjTyi4C&pg=PA86
+ Military Exercises and Operations on 9/11: http://www.historycommons.org/timeline.jsp?timeline=complete_911_timeline&before_9/11=militaryExercises
+ Pentagon's Angels: http://www.sfgate.com/opinion/article/RODS-FROM-GOD-Imagine-a-bundle-of-telephone-2539690.php
+ List of Wars involving the United States: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_involving_the_United_States
+ The Chronological Life of Christ: https://books.google.com/books?id=_SJvV_21efoC&pg=PA160

"In 2015, according to Special Operations Command spokesman Ken McGraw, U.S. Christian soldiers were deployed to a record-shattering 147 countries -- 75% of the nations on the planet -- as terrorists."
+ The Relentless Strike: 1000's of False Victories: http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/article43253.htm
+ Onward Christian Soldiers: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tsbAba0qLHI
+ Mammon: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mammon
+ Shel Silverstein: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KNhMqI9gNJc
+ Hephaestus: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hephaestus

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Orwell - Ministry of Truth

'Late on Friday, with the US population embracing the upcoming holidays and oblivious of most news emerging from the administration, Obama quietly signed into law the 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) which authorizes $611 billion for the military in 2017... following Friday's Obama signing of the NDAA on Friday evening, the Countering Disinformation and Propaganda Act is now law... the scene is now set for the US government to legally crack down on every media outlet that the government deems to be "foreign propaganda." Just like that, the US Ministry of Truth is officially born.'

+ Obama Quietly Signs The "Countering Disinformation And Propaganda Act" Into Law (2016):
+ http://www.zerohedge.com/news/2016-12-24/obama-signs-countering-disinformation-and-propaganda-act-law

'Under the guise of countering foreign “propaganda,” the GOP-controlled Congress quietly passed a bill last week that will unleash even more government propaganda on humanity, while at the same time establishing what critics blasted as an Orwellian “Ministry of Truth.” The “bipartisan” but flatly unconstitutional scheme, dubbed the Countering Disinformation and Propaganda Act, also calls for providing tax funding and training to “journalists,” media outfits, and other propagandists willing to parrot the U.S. government's viewpoints. According to its sponsors, the goal is to help promote Washington, D.C.'s “foreign policy goals.” The potential for abuse, though, is nearly endless, and the bipartisan establishment's “foreign policy goals” are often at odds with the Constitution — not to mention common decency, human liberty, and peace. And so, critics are speaking out forcefully.

The deeply controversial legislation, approved by the U.S. Senate on December 8, was not voted on as a stand-alone bill, but was instead buried deep inside the 1,576-page National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) of 2017. Because the NDAA funds the military and is considered “must pass” by lawmakers with little regard for the oath they took to the Constitution, Big Government-loving politicians often sneak outlandish schemes into the NDAA that otherwise would almost certainly be rejected. In recent years, for example, they snuck a purported authorization for the military to indefinitely detain American citizens without charge or trial. That same ploy to sneak through totalitarian schemes appears to have occurred with the latest NDAA, with the Countering Disinformation and Propaganda Act stuck into the conference report and approved by huge margins, likely without even the knowledge of most lawmakers.

Under the radical measure, the U.S. government will unleash a powerful new federal bureaucracy on Americans and the world dubbed the “Global Engagement Center.” Overseen by the U.S. secretary of state — likely the pro-Russia Exxon-Mobil boss Rex Tillerson, ironically enough — the unconstitutional outfit will bring together bureaucrats from the State Department, the Pentagon, various “intelligence” bureaucracies, the lawless foreign-aid bureaucracy known as USAID, foreign governments, and more. In addition to establishing what one critic described as a “propaganda factory” to pump out U.S. government-backed propaganda, the bill also authorizes spying on journalists, funding “media” outlets willing to serve as U.S. government propaganda organs, and much more.

According to the legislation, the new Global Engagement Center should “develop, plan, and synchronize ... whole-of-government initiatives to expose and counter foreign propaganda and disinformation directed against United States national security interests and proactively advance fact-based narratives that support United States allies and interests.” It should also work “to establish cooperative or liaison relationships with foreign partners and allies ... and other entities, such as academia, nongovernmental organizations, and the private sector.” So even universities, schools, businesses, and non-profit organizations will be harnessed and exploited to promote U.S. government propaganda.

Perhaps even more troubling is that the scheme aims to corrupt and co-opt existing media outlets and journalists, making all journalism suspect as Americans struggle to find out who is shilling for an increasingly radicalized Uncle Sam and who is not. The bill “establishes a fund to help train local journalists and provide grants and contracts to NGOs, civil society organizations, think tanks, private sector companies, media organizations, and other experts outside the U.S. government with experience in identifying and analyzing the latest trends in foreign government disinformation techniques.” Under the bill, then, the U.S. government will officially get into the business of buying and training propagandists to promote its agenda.'

+ Critics Slam Congress for Creating an Orwellian “Ministry of Truth” (2016):
+ http://www.thenewamerican.com/usnews/constitution/item/24841-critics-slam-congress-for-creating-an-orwellian...

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